6.2 million

internally displaced persons (IDP)

5.3 million

refugees outside Syria

83% of Syrians

live below thew poverty line

The situation

Quality health care for victims of conflict and displaced persons


The humanitarian situation in Syria continues to deteriorate. More than 11.7 million people across the country are in immediate need of humanitarian assistance, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). After more than eight years of conflict, medical facilities, health workers and patients continue to be the victims of targeted attacks. By 2017, Syria was considered the most dangerous country in the world for health professionals.

The country’s health system has been severely disrupted. By 2019, less than half of the facilities were still operational, resulting in thousands of deaths due to injury or disease that could not be prevented.


Syria faces a critical lack of access to primary health care, sexual and reproductive health and mental health, particularly for children under five years of age, pregnant and breastfeeding women, people suffering from non-communicable diseases or forced to move, as well as the elderly and people with disabilities.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that, as a result of prolonged exposure to violence, one in 30 people in Syria suffers from a severe mental health disorder and at least one in five suffers from a mild to moderate mental health disorder. Additional support is also essential to meet critical and urgent mental health and psychosocial service needs across the country.


In 2018:

5.3 million people received monthly food assistance
2.7 million people received agricultural assistance
6 million people received assistance in terms of water, sanitation and hygiene
22.8 medical procedures were carried out by humanitarian actors
838,400 girls and boys had access to protection services


Our action

Since October 2012, Médecins du Monde has been working with Syrian nurses, midwives, pharmacists and doctors to provide primary health care and sexual and reproductive health to people living in various IDP camps and in urban and rural areas across Syria.

In 2018, our humanitarian association provided primary health care and sexual and reproductive health, including prenatal, postnatal and family planning services and access to quality treatment, to more than 500,000 people in the governorates of Idlib, Aleppo, Dara’a, Damascus, Raqqa and Al-Hasakah. Mental health care services (psychosocial support activities, clinical interventions and community support) were also provided at Médecins du Monde clinics in Idlib and Al-Hasakah.

Finally, our NGO provides emergency assistance in terms of the supply of essential medicines and deploys mobile teams to meet the needs of the population affected by the conflict. The needs are particularly relevant for people with chronic diseases, unvaccinated children, pregnant women without obstetric care or women in general who do not have access to sexual health care.

The objective of our action remains the protection of civilians from further military offensives. WHO estimates that 13.2 million people in Syria are in need of medical assistance. The availability of essential drugs and equipment, which are extremely scarce in times of war, is ensured through local partners, and local health personnel are supported to ensure the continuity of services in a context where public authorities no longer finance health structures throughout the country.


We are acting to:

Provide primary health care and sexual and reproductive health care for Syrian men and women
Provide a continuum of services and care, when governments no longer fund the country’s health facilities
Organize emergency assistance
Support post-operative care centers
Train staff of these centers in the care of victims of the conflict, mutilated and traumatized


Intervention regions (2019): governorates of Aleppo, Idlib, Rural Damascus, Al-Hasakah and Raqqa.

Our Impact

In 2018 we provided:


  • 512 198
    medical consultations in primary health care centers supported by Médecins du Monde
  • 107 641
    sexual and reproductive health consultations
  • 1526
    mental health and psychosocial support consultations


Our partners



Start of an access to care program in the Aleppo region.


Beginning of the civil war.


Support for the Reyhanlı postoperative center that receives refugees on the Turkish border. Establishment of fixed and mobile clinics in the north-west of the country.


Support to health structures inside Syria and opening of a mother-child health center.


Support to the Sarmada postoperative center in the Idlib region.


Strengthening support to the governorates of Dara'a, Aleppo and Idlib through the diversification of Syrian partners.


Expansion of the emergency response on Idlib and Aleppo in response to the multiplication of bombings and the siege of Aleppo.


Expansion of the emergency response in northeast Syria.

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